Iranian naval power emerging rapidly
By Raza Khan
In 17th century Iran, when the Safavids built a modern naval force based on European navy technology. The Portuguese intruders in the Persian Gulf were shaken and were eventually driven from the strategic Iranian island of Hormuz located in the strategic Strait of Hormuz, and all other occupied Iranian ports and islands in the Persian Gulf.
The Iranian island Bahrain which was occupied by the Portuguese navy was liberated by the Iranian navy and once the island of Bahrain became part of the motherland, Iran, while in the following century Karim Khan Zand (ruled from 1751 to 1779), the powerful Emperor of Iran whose capital was the beautiful city of Shiraz sent six thousand elite Iranian forces via the Indian Ocean by the Iranian Navy to aid Hyder Ali Khan, the Sultan of Mysore, to defend his kingdom against British colonialists in the Deccan and southern India.
However, the Qajar kings (1789-1925) grossly neglected the defense of Iran’s marine waters and never learned from their mistake of ceding control of the Arabic-speaking part of the Gulf to the pirates of the British East India Company. Persian under the British. Occupation.
During the reign of the weak Qajar kings in Iran in the Caspian Sea, Tsarist Russia after occupying the Iranian provinces of Dagestan, Chechnya, Georgia, Armenia and northern Azerbaijan, practically held in ransom the Iranian coastal towns of Mazandaran and Gilan, due to the weakness of the Iranian navy during the Qajar period.
The triumph of the Islamic Revolution in 1979 under the enlightened leadership of Imam Khomeini (RA), however, transformed Iran into an independent country, while the imposed 8-year war (1980-1988) against Iran by the imperialist powers through their puppet Saddam of the repressive minority totalitarian regime of the Baath Party of Baghdad and the imposition of all sanctions against Iran, has proven to be a blessing in disguise, inspiring Iranian officials and experts to develop and manufacture the defense equipment needed in their country, including warships and submarines.
Although the Islamic Republic of Iran inherited from the American puppet of the Pahlavi regime some warships built abroad, these were no match for the superior naval forces of their masters, the Americans, who attacked. Iranian ships in the Persian Gulf during the eight year war imposed (1980-1988) against Iran by the USA through their lackey Saddam.
Thanks to the spirit of resistance of the Iranian nation, the Islamic Republic of Iran has come a long way since those days, and today it has built a powerful navy in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf and the Gulf. Oman capable of repelling enemies threats not only in the regional waters of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, but also in the high seas of the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea.
The Iranian Navy has developed and produced locally a wide variety of speedboats, missile launchers, frigates, destroyers, warships, helicopter carriers, support craft, submarines, hovercraft , reconnaissance ships, etc., including a floating naval port named Makran, which is currently stationed in the Atlantic Ocean, guarded by Iran, the warship Sahand Destroyer.
This is the first time that the Iranian navy has bypassed the southern tip of Africa to enter the Atlantic Ocean after regular stops in recent years at Syria’s Mediterranean ports and friendly Indian Ocean ports. , ranging from Indonesia, Malaysia and India, to the East African coast, where near the Horn of Africa in the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, it maintains a regular presence to protect oil tankers and pirate merchant ships.
This has alarmed the United States, which already dreads the steady supply of oil and other commodities by Iranian ships to Venezuela across the Atlantic Ocean, believes the day may not be far off for that the naval forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran cross off the coast of New England, near Boston, New York and other American cities.
Admiral Hossein Khanzadi of the Iranian Navy was certainly right when he said: “While the Americans are 12 miles from our waters, we are not afraid of them, but they were terrified of the presence of the naval fleet of the Army of the Islamic Republic. of Iran in the Atlantic Ocean, and this fear is due to the fact that Iran’s naval presence is shattering the superiority of the United States in the Atlantic Ocean.