Shanghai aims for fame as a maritime transport hub
The Shanghai municipal government has set a goal of making the city a world-class international shipping hub during the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-25).
Officials said Thursday that by 2025, Shanghai will also be able to achieve multiple maritime transport-related achievements each year: handling more than 47 million TEU (twenty-foot equivalent) of containers at its ports each year; receive 130 million passenger trips; and the clearance of 4.1 million metric tonnes of cargo at its airports.
Over the past five years, Shanghai has become an international shipping hub and gained the preliminary ability to allocate global shipping resources, according to the 14th Five-Year Directive on the Development of Shanghai into an International Shipping Center.
Shanghai was ranked third among international shipping centers behind Singapore and London by the 2020 Xinhua-Baltic International Shipping Center Development Index.
Shanghai’s international influence continues to grow, said Yu Fulin, director of the Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission.
âIn accordance with the new strategy of the central government and the new development requirements as a shipping center, Shanghai would do its best to build a hub and a strategic link under the new dual-traffic development model. Shanghai will transform into a world-class international shipping hub offering convenience, high efficiency, full functions, environmental friendliness and strong guarantees by 2025, âsaid Yu.
The city’s municipal government has identified seven main tasks for the next five years: optimizing the respective strengths and characteristics of the shipping industry clusters; high-quality integration and development of ports in the Yangtze River Delta region; improving the ability to allocate global aviation resources; creation of a high-end economic cruising center; promotion of sustainable development as a maritime center using technology; improvement of maritime transport services; and capacity building related to the shipping industry.
The Port of Shanghai has been the world’s busiest container port in terms of container throughput for 11 consecutive years. The fourth phase of the Shanghai Yangshan deep-water port is currently the world’s largest automated container terminal with an annual capacity of 5 million TEUs by the end of 2020, according to Zhang Xin, vice president of Shanghai International Port Group.
âDuring the period of the 14th Five-Year Plan, we will seek to maintain the fourth phase of the Yangshan Port project in terms of scale, efficiency and technology. The goal is to process 30 million TEUs of containers at the automated terminal over the next five years and expand its annual capacity to 7 million TEUs, âsaid Zhang.
During the period of the 14th Five-Year Plan, the Shanghai Airport Authority will focus on increasing its ground facilities as well as improving the capabilities to handle large volumes of passengers.
“We will build world-class facilities as an aviation hub, including the Shanghai Pudong International Airport Phase Four expansion project, construction of a new intelligent freight station and ‘other complete facilities,’ said Zhou Junlong, vice president of the Shanghai Airport Authority.
An important part of the fourth expansion phase of Shanghai Pudong International Airport is the construction of a 1.19 million square meter Terminal 3, designed to handle 50 million passenger trips per year.
In 2019, there were more than 100 aviation companies operating at Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport and Shanghai Pudong International Airport. They connect 314 destinations in 50 countries.
The two airports handled 120 million passenger trips and 4.058 million tonnes of cargo each year, ranking fourth and third, respectively, among global cities.
Source: China Daily